Species Profiles

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The Richmond birdwing butterfly (Ornithoptera richmondia) is the largest subtropical Australian butterfly. It was once abundant from Maryborough in southern Queensland to Grafton in northern NSW, breeding in rainforest habitat wherever the food plants were plentiful. Much of this land was eagerly sought after for grazing and subtropical agriculture due to its rich soils.
In 1870 the butterfly was reported in newspapers as occurring in the thousands on the streets of Brisbane, but by 1926 natural history enthusiasts noticed a massive decline in the south, west and east of the city.

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Australia has more than 1600 species of native bees, among which some of the largest are the two groups of carpenter bees: Xylocopa (Koptortosoma) and Xylocopa (Lestis). Species in the subgenus Lestis are metallic green in colour, while those in the subgenus Koptortosoma are coloured quite differently, as described below.

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The Boggomoss snail (Adclarkia dawsonensis), also known as the Dawson Valley snail, is an exceptionally rare Queensland endemic species with only two known populations existing in the Dawson Valley near Taroom. One of these populations occurs on a Boggomoss (aquifer-fed moist environment) on Mt Rose Station and the other as a series of sub-populations in the riparian environments of the Dawson River.

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The wallum sedgefrog is one of a group of frogs that depend on lowland wallum habitat. Wallum is the aboriginal name for the banksia Banksia aemula that usually dominates the sandy soils of coastal southern Queensland and New South Wales. The wallum sedgefrog is a totemic species for the Butchulla people of Fraser Island. The wallum sedgefrog was first described by Liem and Ingram in 1977.

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The numbers Queensland has 124 species of frog, more than any other Australian state. Graceful treefrogPhoto © Ed Meyer                   The wet coastal areas between Cooktown and the Queensland/New South Wales border – the area with the most rapidly expanding population in Australia – contain 75% of …

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(Casuarius casuarius johnsonii) Southern CassowaryPhoto © Tyrone Lavery The southern cassowary, also known as the double-wattled cassowary (family Casuariidae), is native to the tropical forests of New Guinea, nearby islands and north-eastern Australia. The name cassowary comes from the Malay name kesuari. The cassowary is the largest fruit-eating bird in the world. The cassowary forms …

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BUSH CURLEW ALERT

As far back as 1992 concern was being expressed about the plight of the Bush Curlew (Bush Thick knee) through the pages of the Wildlife Australia Magazine. In 1996 a Friends of the Stone Curlews was set up in Victoria with the aim of bringing to public attention the declining numbers of both the Bush …

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(Alectura lathami) Also known as the scrub turkey, wild turkey or wee-lah (Indigenous, Hunter Region) Australian Brush TurkeyPhoto © Ewa Meyer The Australian brush turkey is one of three species in Australia known as the Megapodes, or ‘mound builders.’ All three species build mounds to incubate their eggs. The Australian brush turkey is now a …

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(Macropus parryi) Also called: pretty face wallaby, grey-faced wallaby, grey flier, blue flier, jabali The most beautiful and boldly marked of mid-sized   kangaroos, the whiptail wallaby gets its name from its long tail, which tapers to a whip-like end (though see Did you know? for another version). Edward Turner Bennett first named this species …

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WATER MOUSE

(Xeromys myoides) Also known as the marine mouse or yirrkoo (Indigenous). Introduction Water mouse (Xeromys myoides)and mound.Drawings: Angela Frost One of Australia’s rarest rodents, the water mouse is a nocturnal non-marsupial terrestrial carnivore that inhabits coastal marine and estuarine environments. Until the late 1990s, when field surveys were carried out by WPSQ, very little was …

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