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Squirrel Glider
Photo © Steve Parish Publishing


(Petaurus norfolcensis) Squirrel gliders are so named because of their dense, bushy Squirrel GliderPhoto © Steve Parish Publishing tail. They are not quite as well known as their smaller relative, the sugar glider. Squirrel gliders and sugar gliders can co-occur in some areas and where they do, squirrel gliders are usually the more abundant of …

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(Petaurus gracilis) The mahogany glider is named for its rich brown mahogany Mahogany GliderPhoto © Daryl Dickson colour and the importance of the swamp mahogany tree, Lophostemon suaveolens, in its habitat. The scientific name Petaurus gracilismeans slender rope dancer. They have been known to glide up to 60 metres with an average glide distance of …

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(Petauroides volans) The greater glider is the largest of the glider species in Australia. This species is also the most variable in their colouration. The scientific name for the greater glider means flying petaurus-like animal. Greater GliderPhoto © Steve Parish Publishing Greater gliders have adapted to feed almost exclusively on eucalyptus leaves, leading to an …

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(Acrobates pygmaeus) The feathertail glider is the smallest gliding marsupial in the world, also having a unique feather-like tail. The scientific name for this species means pygmy acrobat. Feathertail gliders spend up to 87% of their time in trees at heights greater than 15 metres making them the most cryptic and rarely seen of all …

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All of Australia's gliders are found in Queensland. 
Photo ©Steve Parish Publishing


Gliders are nocturnal possum-like animals that live in Australia’s woodlands and forests.  They are marsupials – so are born in a very incomplete state: minute, blind, hairless, with only partially formed hind limbs, and the embryos develop in a marsupium or pouch. All of Australia’s gliders are found in Queensland.Photo ©Steve Parish Publishing They are …

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(Pteropus conspicillatus) Spectacled flying-foxes were first described in 1850 by Gould Spectacled flying-fox female and young: these two flying-foxes are in the care of the Tolga Bat Hospital.Photo © Jennefer Mclean from a specimen collected on Fitzroy Island. They are important seed dispersers and pollinators of rainforest flora. Spectacled flying-foxes have the smallest known distribution …

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Little Red flying fox. 
Photo © Vivien Jones

(Pteropus scapulatus) Little red flying-foxes are the most widespread species of Little Red flying fox.Photo © Vivien Jones megabats in Australia and the only species of Australian flying-fox that regularly roosts in clusters – up to 30 have been seen hanging together in a tight bunch. The weight of their clusters can cause severe damage …

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Grey-Headed flying foxes. 
Photo © Vivien Jones

(Pteropus poliocephalus) The grey-headed flying fox was the first Australian flying fox Grey-Headed flying foxes.Photo © Vivien Jones species discovered by Europeans. The first grey-headed flying fox specimen was reported as collected in New Holland and described by Temminck in 1825. Their numbers have declined drastically since European colonisation from many millions to a few …

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Black flying foxes. 
Photo © Vivien Jones

(Pteropus alecto) The black flying fox was first described by Temminck in 1837 from a specimen from Menado, Indonesia. In 1867, Peters Black flying foxes.Photo © Vivien Jones described a black flying fox from Rockhampton. The south-eastern limit of black flying-foxes has been moving southwards for at least 60 years. In 1930, the southern limit …

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Flying fox in flight
Photo © WPSQ


Mainland Australia has four species of Pteropus flying-fox, all of them found in Queensland: black, grey-headed, little red and spectacled. Flying fox in flightPhoto © WPSQ Flying-foxes have an important ecological role because their feeding behaviour helps pollinate and disperse the seeds of native trees. Flying-foxes spread the pollen of valuable plants as they feed, so …

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